Antoun A, Pavlov MY, Lovmar M and Ehrenberg M (2006b) How initiation factors maximize the accuracy of tRNA selection in initiation of bacterial protein synthesis. Molecular Cell 23: 183–193.
Two Processes involved in protein synthesis
What is the role of mRNA in transcription?
To deliver Proteins
One strand of DNA is used as a template
RNA polymerase lines up complementary RNA nucleotides to make mRNA.
mRNA peels away from the DNA strand.
What is the role of messenger RNA and ribosomes in protein synthesis
Oppenheim RW, Prevette D, Tytell M and Homma S(1990) Naturally occurring and induced neuronal death in the chick embryo in vivo requires protein and RNA synthesis: evidence for the role of cell death genes. Developmental Biology 138(1): 104–113.
Start studying intro to cell ch 7
Neurons are immensely complex cells whose morphology and physiology underpin our cognition. Achieving proper neuronal connections during development, as well as eliciting appropriate responses to environmental stimuli in the adult, requires precisely regulated protein synthesis. To meet these requirements, neurons have adapted regulatory mechanisms that act at every step in the process of producing functional proteins. Many of these mechanisms target messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)‐binding proteins and ribosomal subunits to regulate translational initiation. These mechanisms are especially concentrated at synapses, where they act to transform transient electrical signals into lasting functional modifications that are a basis for learning and memory. Misregulated synaptic protein synthesis contributes to several human cognitive changes including addiction, fragile X syndrome and autism.