AB - Thirty-two male social drinkers were arranged into two tolerance groups, based on changes in standing stability after ingestion of alcohol. Subjects consumed either a large (1.0 g/kg) or small (0.5 g/kg) dose of alcohol. On finishing their drinks, subjects were requested to interact with a female confederate whose continued silence induced anxiety. Heart rate, skin conductance, overt behavior, and self-report measures were taken. Heart rate increased more at the small than the large dose, consistent with the tension-reduction hypothesis. Further, heart rate of high-tolerance subjects increased significantly more than that of low-tolerance subjects, which suggests that alcohol was less effective at tension reduction for the high-tolerance group. Finally, measures of both skin conductance and heart rate showed significant dose-by-tolerance interactions. High-tolerance subjects were more aroused than were low-tolerance subjects at the small but not at the large dose, suggesting that high-tolerance subjects must consume more alcohol to achieve the same autonomic effect experienced by the low-tolerance subjects.
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The focus of this research project is on key factors for sustainable family ministry programs which included the examination of three hypotheses: (1) a sustainable family ministry program regularly addresses the unique needs of single parent households; (2) a sustainable family ministry program addresses domestic violence through a systematic approach of education, counseling or referrals; and (3) a sustainable family ministry program conducts an annual evaluation.
The conclusion of this research is that it validates the hypothesis.
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Five elements presented as the hypothesis were: an effective evangelism, enthusiastic and genuine worship, a solid program of assimilation, cell groups, and a dynmaic leadership.
to as the tension-reduction hypothesis ..
The fourth hypothesis considers the influence of other socio-cultural conditions that bear upon the process of discipleship, such as poverty, corruption and the influence of African traditional religion.
led to the development of the tension-reduction hypothesis.
The results of this research project reveal that the aforementioned hypotheses are, indeed, areas that serve to impede the process of discipleship among women in Cameroon.
The tension reduction hypothesis revisited
Taylor, S.P. & Chermack, S.T. (1993) Alcohol, drugs and human physical aggression. 54:Supl. 11:78-88. [Review of research on the relationship between alcohol, drugs and aggression. Includes a hypothetical model that summarizes their experimental findings and is used to discuss the major factors and psychological processes involved in alcohol-induced aggression.]