Nitroaniline is a used for determining Kamlet-Taft solvent parameters. The position of its UV-visual peak changes with the balance of hydrogen bonding acceptors and donors in the solvent.
Below is a laboratory synthesis of 4-nitroaniline from . The key step in this reaction sequence is an to install the nitro group to the amino group. After this reaction, a separation must be performed to remove 2-nitroaniline, which is also formed in a small amount during the reaction.
of Product N-Methyl-4-Nitroaniline S.F.
4-Nitroaniline, p-nitroaniline or 1-amino-4-nitrobenzene is an organic compound with the formula C6H6N2O2. It is an , consisting of a benzene ring in which an is to a . This chemical is commonly used as an intermediate in the synthesis of dyes, antioxidants, pharmaceuticals, and gasoline, in gum inhibitors, poultry medicines, and as a corrosion inhibitor.