Synthesis and performance of bismuth trioxide nanoparticles for ..

Toxicity of CuO, ZnO and Ag nanoparticles to different organisms. Median L(E)C50 values for all other organisms except bacteria and MIC for bacteria ± minimum and maximum values are presented. Different organisms/cells are shown by respective pictograms and the number on the pictogram indicates the number of L(E)C50 values used to derive the median value. Note the logarithmic scale of x-axis and that L(E)C50 and MIC values of NPs reflect nominal concentrations. The classification to hazard categories is explained in Table

Figure 3: Production volume of bismuth oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2025. 37

Typically, the synthesis of oxide nanoparticles involves the slow reaction of a weak oxidizing agent, such as hydrogen peroxide, with dilute solutions of metal salts or complexes in both aqueous and non-aqueous solvent systems, said Dr. Thomas Sutto, NRL research chemist. The rapid exothermic reaction of potassium superoxide with the salt solutions results in the formation of insoluble oxide or hydroxide nanoparticulates.

the synthesis of bismuth oxide at fuel ..

Figure 4: Production volumes of Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticles 2015, by region. 38

28. Geng F, Song K, Xing JZ, Yuan C, Yan S, Yang Q. . Thio-glucose bound gold nanoparticles enhance radio-cytotoxic targeting of ovarian cancer. 2011;22:285101


90. Alqathami M, Blencowe A, Yeo UJ, Franich R, Doran S, Qiao G. . Enhancement of radiation effects by bismuth oxide nanoparticles for kilovoltage x-ray beams: A dosimetric study using a novel multi-compartment 3D radiochromic dosimeter. 2013;444:012025

Zinc oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula Zn O

8. Rivera-Gil P, Jimenez De Aberasturi D, Wulf V. . The Challenge To Relate the Physicochemical Properties of Colloidal Nanoparticles to Their Cytotoxicity. 2013;46:743-9

Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

76. Jain S, Coulter JA, Butterworth KT, Hounsell AR, McMahon SJ, Hyland WB. . Gold nanoparticle cellular uptake, toxicity and radiosensitisation in hypoxic conditions. 2014;110:342-7

DOI: 10.1021/nl1034573 - American Chemical Society

35. Kong T, Zeng J, Wang X, Yang X, Yang J, McQuarrie S. . Enhancement of radiation cytotoxicity in breast-cancer cells by localized attachment of gold nanoparticles. 2008;4:1537-43

International Journal of Nanomedicine - Dove Press

Albumin-stabilized cationic gelatin (C-gel) nanoparticle could be loaded with DOX/DNA intercalation complex []. The prepared nanoparticle was responsive to pH and tumor-specific matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). When the C-gel was digested by the MMPs, the loaded DOX/DNA intercalation was released and further digested by deoxyribonucleases to release DOX completely. experiments demonstrated that the designed drug delivery system with significantly low cardiotoxicity was more powerful than free DOX in terms of cancer treatment.