Search results for p-Benzoquinone at Sigma-Aldrich

Many reactions of this type use only catalytic amounts of 1,4-benzoquinone and stoichiometric amounts of external oxidants, such as Ce(SO), Tl(OAc), and MnO.The combination of 1,4-benzoquinone and a catalytic amount of palladium acetate can transform

T1 - Synthesis of 2-substituted-6-hydroxy and 6-methoxy benzothiazoles from 1,4-benzoquinone

Preliminarily, forty strains of lactic acid bacteria, previously isolated from wheat germ, were in vitro screened based on β-glucosidase activity. Lactobacillus plantarum LB1 and Lactobacillus rossiae LB5 were selected based on the highest enzyme activity and on technology features. These strains were used in combination to ferment wheat germ. Raw wheat germ, without bacterial inoculum, was subjected to the same incubation and used as the control. The sourdough fermented wheat germ was characterized based on microbiological, physico-chemical and biochemical features. During incubation, the release of the non-glycosylated and physiologically active 2-methoxy benzoquinone, and 2,6-dimethoxybenzoquinone was almost completed during 24 h. Compared to the control, the concentration of the above bioactive compounds increased almost 4 and 6-folds. Both raw wheat germ (control) and sourdough fermented wheat germ were ex vivo assayed for the anti-proliferative activity towards various cell lines of germ cell tumor, colon carcinoma and ovarian carcinoma. While no effect was found for the raw wheat germ, the sourdough fermented preparation markedly and variously affected the human tumor cell lines. The values of IC50 ranged from 0.105±0.005 to 0.556±0.071 mg/ml, with a median value of IC50 of 0.302 mg/ml.


p-Benzoquinone CAS 106-51-4 | 802410 - …

Can someone give me link on some step-by-step synthesis of p-benzoquinone with H2O2/I2 method!?

AB - 2-Cyano-6-hydroxybenzothiazole is the key intermediate for the synthesis of d-luciferin, the natural substrate of firefly luciferases. A new synthesis of 2-cyano-6-hydroxybenzothiazole has been realized starting from the reaction of 1,4-benzoquinone with l-cysteine ethyl ester, followed by oxidation-cyclization of the intermediate ethyl (R)-2-amino-3-(2,5-dihydroxyphenylsulfanyl)propan-oate hydrochloride to 2-carbethoxy-6-hydroxybenzothiazole. A suitable protection of this intermediate and a conversion to the corresponding nitrile gave, after deprotection, 2-cyano-6-hydroxybenzothiazole (32% yield from 1,4-benzoquinone). This nitrile reacts with d-cysteine to afford d-luciferin at room temperature in nearly quantitative yield (90-95%).


Synthesis of DDQ involves cyanation of chloranil

The synthesis of benzoquinone natural product 2 and three analogues is described. The synthesized compounds were tested for their ability to protect Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) lymphocytes from induced oxidative stress. One of the analogues (3) conferred cytoprotection in a dose-dependent manner in FRDA lymphocytes at micromolar concentrations. The biological assays suggest that the modification of the 2-hydroxy and N-(3-carboxypropyl) groups in the natural product can improve its antioxidant activity and significantly enhance its ability to protect mitochondrial function under conditions of oxidative stress.

Thiele and Günther first reported a 6-step preparation in 1906

2-Cyano-6-hydroxybenzothiazole is the key intermediate for the synthesis of d-luciferin, the natural substrate of firefly luciferases. A new synthesis of 2-cyano-6-hydroxybenzothiazole has been realized starting from the reaction of 1,4-benzoquinone with l-cysteine ethyl ester, followed by oxidation-cyclization of the intermediate ethyl (R)-2-amino-3-(2,5-dihydroxyphenylsulfanyl)propan-oate hydrochloride to 2-carbethoxy-6-hydroxybenzothiazole. A suitable protection of this intermediate and a conversion to the corresponding nitrile gave, after deprotection, 2-cyano-6-hydroxybenzothiazole (32% yield from 1,4-benzoquinone). This nitrile reacts with d-cysteine to afford d-luciferin at room temperature in nearly quantitative yield (90-95%).

Synthesis of S -Heterocycles - Organic Chemistry Portal

N2 - 2-Cyano-6-hydroxybenzothiazole is the key intermediate for the synthesis of d-luciferin, the natural substrate of firefly luciferases. A new synthesis of 2-cyano-6-hydroxybenzothiazole has been realized starting from the reaction of 1,4-benzoquinone with l-cysteine ethyl ester, followed by oxidation-cyclization of the intermediate ethyl (R)-2-amino-3-(2,5-dihydroxyphenylsulfanyl)propan-oate hydrochloride to 2-carbethoxy-6-hydroxybenzothiazole. A suitable protection of this intermediate and a conversion to the corresponding nitrile gave, after deprotection, 2-cyano-6-hydroxybenzothiazole (32% yield from 1,4-benzoquinone). This nitrile reacts with d-cysteine to afford d-luciferin at room temperature in nearly quantitative yield (90-95%).