In this study, both chemical precipitation and mechanical milling techniques were used to synthesize either Fe nano-particles or mixed Fe, Al, Ti nano-composites using iron rich industry waste such as red mud as precursor. Further heat treatment of chemically and mechanically treated red mud lead to in-situ formation of nano-sized particles or composites. Such metal matrix composites have attracted much attention due to its use as structural materials in automotive and transportation industries because of their low density, high specific modulus, strength, wear and corrosion resistance. The present work used iron and titanium rich fraction of chemically treated iron rich industrial rejects for preparation of value added Fe and Fe-Al-Ti nano-material. The structural transformation behavior from bulk to nano at different temperatures has been assessed by XRD and SEM. SEM results clearly show that chemical precipitation produced Fe nano-crystals that were obtained after using Fe enriched chemically treated red mud residue whereas mixed nano-material were obtained after mechanical milling.
Novel polyacrylonitrile (PAN) grafted sepiolite nanohybrids were synthesized via emulsion graft polymerization. The influence of synthesis parameters on the degree of grafting was studied by varying the concentrations of monomer, initiator and surfactant. The nitrile groups of PAN were chemically modified into amidoxime. Both the grafting and amidoxime percentages were determined gravimetrically and maximum grafting of 373% was achieved at 5% acrylonitrile, 1% surfactant and 0.1% initiator concentrations. The presence of vibration at 2242 cm-1 in Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrum and x-ray diffraction (XRD) reflection at 2θ = 16.9° (010) confirmed the grafting of PAN chains onto modified sepiolite. XRD patterns also indicated a decrease in crystallinity of sepiolite and appearance of new amorphous region in grafted nanocomposites. The morphological changes of sepiolite during silanization and grafting of PAN is also confirmed by field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). Transmission electron microscope (TEM) images clearly showed the shortening of fibers after silanization of sepiolite and the same were involved in heterogeneous nucleation in micelles. These developed amidoxime grafted sepiolite nanohybrids can be used as adsorbent for the metal recovery.
Synthesis and characterization of biocompatible ..
Title of Talk: Fabrication and characterization of thermal, electrical and mechanical properties of ethylene-octene copolymer composites with functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes
A biocompatible magnetic film: synthesis and characterization
Title of Talk:
Plant-mediated biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by leaf extracts of Lasienthra africanum and a study of the influence of kinetic parameters
Current methods for synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles ..
Title of Talk: Plant-mediated biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by leaf extracts of Lasienthra africanum and a study of the influence of kinetic parameters
Synthesis, characterization and in vitro biocompatibility study of ..
207. Chen L, Feng W, Zhou X. . Facile synthesis of novel albumin-functionalized flower-like MoS2nanoparticles for chemo-photothermal synergistic therapy. 2016;6:13040-9
Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials
TiO2 nanofibers were synthesized using electrospinning [Jamil et al Ceramics International 38 (2012) 2437–2441]. The nanofibers were polycrystalline and porous in nature having average diameter and length of ~150 nm and 200 µm, respectively. Fig. 1 (a) and (b) shows scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) image of TiO2 nanofibers, respectively. The bandgap of the nanofibers lies in optical range ˃ 3.2eV. Which showed relatively low photocatalytic degradation of toxic textile dyes (Fig. 2). To improve it photocatalytic activity we embedded Mn0.5Co0.5Fe2O4 nanoparticles into TiO2 nanofibers. Which showed improved photocatalytic activity for the degradation of toxic organic compound (Fig. 2). We are now investigating the effect of photocatalytic water splitting for hydrogen evolution. It is expected that these heterostructure nanofibers will show improve photocatalytic activity for hydrogen evolution via water splitting.