Two efficient processes for the synthesis of rivastigmine, one of the most potent drugs for the treatment of mild-to-moderate dementia of the type presenting in Alzheimer’s disease, has been developed. Of particular note is the processes used for the asymmetric hydrogenation by applying the highly efficient chiral spiro catalyst, Ir-SpiroPAP. The first route was easy to scale up in industry and provided the commercial intermediate ()-3-(1-dimethylaminoethyl)phenol, 6, which is suitable for the manufacture of rivastigmine in active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) demand. The second route was convenient for operation and purification and completed the synthesis of rivastigmine (1) in four steps and 84% overall yield.
Rivastigmine was not genotoxic in three assays: the Ames test, the unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) test in rat hepatocytes (a test for induction of DNA repair synthesis), and the HGPRT test in V79 Chinese hamster cells.
Method for synthesis of rivastigmine - Patent - Europe …
Currently available treatment used in Alzheimer’s disease is based on acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, e. g. donepezil, tacrine, galantamine, and rivastigmine. In the present study some derivatives of donepezil were synthesized, and their potential anticholinesterase properties were investigated using the colorimetric Ellman’s method. These compounds were synthesized by condensation between indanone derivatives and the hydrazine nicotinated moiety (Hynic). For received derivatives, the selectivity and the IC50 values for acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase were calculated. All the tested compounds exhibited lower affinity for AChE than donepezil and higher affinity for BChE than donepezil. Compound showed the most selectivity for AChE among the obtained indanone derivatives.