8. Parentheses are used to denote a , as in .

For full manuscripts containing material previously published in
preliminary form, a copy of the previous communication is required and should be included at the end of the manuscript.
Maps: insert as Supplementary Information
Main sections (Introduction, Experimental, Results and Discussion, Conclusion section) of the manuscript should NOT be numbered, EXCEPT for Account and Review.
Supplementary Information (SI): needs to be included at the end of manuscript, after the Conclusions section.
It should contain RELEVANT and COMPLEMENTARY DATA to those presented in the manuscript.

In some cases, we wouldn’t understand the meaning of a sentence.

Parentheses are among the most useful and versatile punctuation marks in the English language. They can be used effectively in both formal and casual writing, and the rules surrounding parentheses allow writers to use them for a variety of purposes.


are usually enclosed in parentheses following the time.

In formal and especially academic writing, parentheses are heavily used for citing sources.

The style and formatting rules listed below are derived from The Chicago Manual of Style. These are some of the most general and common issues that arise regarding the use of parentheses. If you’re using parentheses in a piece of writing and are not sure how to use them or format them, make sure you check a reputable and appropriate style guide.


Where does the period go when using parentheses?

When parenthetical content occurs in the middle of a larger sentence, the surrounding punctuation should be placed outside the parentheses, exactly as it would be if the parenthetical content were not there.

Where should the period go when using parentheses

The word parentheses refers to a pair of punctuation marks that are used as containers (like this). Therefore, the word itself is plural. The singular term for one of the pair is parenthesis. Here’s one now: )

Parse parentheses from a string ..

When parenthetical content occurs at the end of a larger sentence, the closing punctuation mark for the sentence is placed outside the closing parenthesis.

should appear in parenthesis after the quote

Do you set aside time to study grammar, spelling, and punctuation? Have you ever struggled with how to properly use or format punctuation marks in a piece of writing? How do you use parentheses? Share your thoughts by leaving a comment.

Example of the Use of Parentheses in APA Format | Synonym

Parentheses formatting for references and citations varies widely. For academic or journalistic references and citations, be sure to check the appropriate style guide to ensure you format your parentheses properly, especially in bibliographies and works cited as well as within the text of your project.