Diversity Thesis Of Cultural Relativism

Ethical Relativism has been developed on the basis that there is no common set of values that can apply to everyone, as there are an infinite number of cultures that exist and clash with each other....

The ethical relativist often derives support for his position by two basic mistakes:

It may be argued that Protagoras could have opted for a moresensible form of alethic relativism where a person’s beliefs arenot automatically true relative to the framework sheaccepts. Rather a belief is true accordingto ’s framework iff (roughly) wouldbelieve that if she were to reason cogently by her ownstandards on the basis of full relevant information. This form ofalethic relativism allows for argument and persuasion among people whoinitially disagree, for despite their disagreement they may share orcome to share a framework. Protagoras may, on this reinterpretation,be trying to persuade his interlocutor that if she were to reasoncogently by her own standards from their shared framework, she wouldaccept relativism. However, it is not clear how the relativist couldshare a framework with the absolutist on the nature of truth or whatargumentative strategies he can use to convert the absolutist withoutpresupposing a shared (relativist or absolutist) conceptions oftruth. In particular, a consistent relativist will have only arelativized criteria of what counts as “true” information,which presumably will not be shared by the absolutist.


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For the ethical relativist, there are no universal moral standards -- standards that can be applied to all peoples at all times.

Discussions of relativism in the 19th century had twosources (see Gardiner 1981). On the one hand, figures from theso-called Counter-Enlightenment, a philosophical movement which arosein the late 18th century and the early 19thcentury in opposition to the Enlightenment, Johann Georg Hamann(1730–1788), Johann Gottfried Herder (1744–1803), Wilhelmvon Humboldt (1767–1835) emphasized the diversity of languagesand customs and their role in shaping human thought. Hamann’sviews on language, for instance, foreshadow contemporary conceptualand epistemic relativism. He maintained that language is the“instrument and criterion of reason” as well as the sourceof all the confusions and fallacies of reason. Furthermore, the rulesof rationality are embedded within language, which in turn, isgoverned by local norms of custom and use (Hamann 1967[1759]). Relativism ensues because languages and their rules ofrationality vary a great deal. Herder, on the other hand, not onlyrailed against the rational, universalizing and science-oriented ethosof the Enlightenment but, much like later relativists, also arguedthat different nations and epochs have their distinct preferences inethical and aesthetics matters as well as their varied conceptions oftruth and we are not in a position to adjudicate between them (Herder2002: 272–358).


Relativism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Answer: Cultural relativism is the view that all beliefs, customs, and ethics are relative Diversity of cultures, even those with conflicting moral beliefs, is not to be

Triablogue: The Diversity Thesis

I examine the thesis of “cultural relativism” (in both its descriptive and Keywords : cultural relativism, fundamentalism, moral cosmopolitanism, fear, diversity,

Diversity Thesis Definition - …

5 Sep 2013 Diversity Thesis: – Cultural Relativism / Conventionalism 2. Dependency Thesis: – All moral principles derive their validity Cultural Relativism

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The Foundations of Contemporary Moral Relativism - The Diversity Thesis - morals differ from culture to culture; The Dependency Thesis - the force of 'right'

Moral Relativism | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Answer: Cultural relativism is the view that all beliefs, customs, and ethics are relative Diversity of cultures, even those with conflicting moral beliefs, is not to be