Eukaryotic cells are able to carry out behaviors that prokaryotes can’t. For example, one-celled eukaryotes often have appendages, such as long tails (called flagella) or hair-like projections (called cilia) that work like hundreds of tiny paddles, to help them move around. Also, only eukaryotic cells are capable of ingesting fluids and particles for nutrition; prokaryotes must transport materials through their cell walls, a process that severely limits their culinary options.
Knowing how cells work is critical in the genetics field. All living things consist of one or both of two cell types: prokaryotes and eukaryotes. The basic biologies of prokaryotes and eukaryotes are similar but not identical, so understanding the differences and similarities between them is important.
Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Protein Synthesis
Organisms that have cells with nuclei are classified as eukaryotes (meaning “true nucleus”). Eukaryotes range in complexity from simple one-celled animals and plants all the way to complex multicellular organisms like you. Eukaryotic cells are fairly complicated and have numerous parts to keep track of. Like prokaryotes, eukaryotic cells are held together by a plasma membrane, and sometimes a cell wall surrounds the membrane (plants, for example have cell walls). But that’s where the similarities end.