Chemosynthesis is the process that specially adapted organisms use to create inorganic chemical energy into food for them. This process is very important; the deep see biosphere depends on the chemosynthetic organisms. Organisms that undergo the process use different pathways to get the sugar, CH20. One ecosystem that uses chemosynthesis is around under-water hot springs. The organisms that use the hydrothermal vents are bacteria that thrive near the openings. They first oxidize hydrogen sulfide, and then they add carbon dioxide and oxygen. What comes out is a sugar known as formaldehyde, sulfur, and water. The one of the chemical equations for chemosynthesis is CO2 + 4H2S + O2 -> CH20 + 4S + 3H2O. The reaction first uses energy to fix carbon into a carbohydrate. Microbes absorb the compounds and function as electron donors. Then they oxidize them, which begins an electron flow that eventually produces ATP. The energy is used to combine carbon with other molecules to create carbohydrates, usually that turn into sugar. Then the sugars are sent to the mitochondrion, which undergoes cellular respiration. The cellular respiration process breaks down the sugars and turns them into ATP.
What is the difference between chemosynthesis and photosynthesis? Both processes are vital to their ecosystems. Without these processes, the ecosystems of our planet could never be as advanced as they are today. What are their differences?
difference between archaebacteria and eubacteria?
Several different kinds of consumers have been recognized including: , , , , , , and .