Emotions are so important they tell us how we feel and how to react to a certain situation. Over time our bodies are programmed to respond a certain way to different events. Yet if you ask someone to describe emotions they have trouble. Chapter 11 tells us what emotions are and chapter 12 explains to us where they come from. In Chapter 11 it asks five questions about emotions. The first is what is emotion? Second is what causes it? Third is how many are there? What good are they is the four main question? Last is what are the differences between emotion and mood? Chapter 12 tells us that there are three different reasons for emotions, biological, cognitive, and social/cultural.
The first question is what is emotion? It is a feeling. A person feels something and then reacts a certain way. It is also bodily reaction. Our body responds to the situation. The next thing emotion is a sense of purpose. This means that it gives us a goal to strive for. Last is Social expression. It tells others what we are feeling by what we say and do. An example is if we feel in danger, we will have a scared expression. Our bodies will get ready to fight or flee. We have a goal protect our self or the people around us. Others can tell by our face, voice and body language.
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The first major place they come from is biological. People over the years have learned what to do and how to react to different situation. When faced with danger our bodies just respond and do not even take the time to think. The James-Lang theory is a good example. The researchers were interested in what come first the feeling or the reaction. Does a person see a bear, feel afraid and then runaway? Or does a person see a bear, react and run and away and then get afraid? When presented with a situation of danger our bodies how learned to either fight or flee. There is also the theory of emotion. It says that people have lots of feelings and the facial expressions are what tell others what they are felling.
Facial feedback hypothesis Edit
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The last biological theory addressed in the chapter was the facial feedback theory. This theory emphasizes the faces role in the subjective aspect of emotion. It argues that emotion is essentially facial feedback information. This information is seen in movements of the facial musculature, changes in facial temperature, and changes in glandular activity in facial skin. According to this theory, facial feedback activates emotion.