Born in 1933 in Nakhichevan, Azerbaijan Republic, Eldar Salayev graduated from the Azerbaijan State University (AGU) and received his Diploma in Physics in 1956. After having worked as a scientific researcher for about 10 years in the Institute of Physics, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, he received the PhD in Physics and Mathematics, and became the chief of the Semiconductor Quantum Electronics Laboratory and Scientific Secretary at that Institute. Later on, he worked as a Vice-Director at the same Institute.
In 1975, Professor E. Salayev received the degree of Doctor of Science in Physics and Mathematics working in close collaboration with the Nobel Prize winners A. M. Prokhorov and N. G. Basov. The same year he became Professor in physics. In 1972 he founded in Baku the Branch of the Institute of Applied Physics, Ministry of Defence Industry of the former USSR (later on Institute of Photoelectronics Azerbijan National Academy of Sciences). He has been directed this Institute up to 1992.
Professor E. Yu. Salaev is a well-known scientist in the field of physics and tecniques of semiconductors, IR techniques, quantum electronics and nonlinear optics. He is co-author of 2 books, more than 300 scientific papers and holder of 110 patents. His research achievements include: first detection and explanation of nature of the low-temperature and high-pressure phase transitions in layered chalcogenide semiconductors; observation of the presence of the low-frequency rigid layer modes in layered crystals leading to the specific spin-phonon and electron-phonon interaction; new deformation effects in layered gallium selenide-type crystals; formation and behavior of the electron-hole liquid in layered crystals under high-density of excitation; first observation of the second harmonic generation and stimulated emission in gallium selenide and application of this crystal in non-lineer optics, including first observation of the second harmonic generation at 789.5 nm laser wavelength; first observation of the photoinduced change of the refractive index in gallium arsenide which found wide application in optical communication systems; development of the growth technology of the IR materials and creation of the mid-IR detectors.
As a visiting professor, researcher and invited lecturer, E. Salayev has presented many taught seminars and was engaged in scientific collaboration at more than 30 Universities and Research Centers. He supervised 50 PhD students and 15 Doctors of Science. He also serves as a member of the Editorial Board of several scientific journals on materials science and physics.
He has been pursuing the conference leadership to address the frontiers of the physics of semiconductors over the world serving as chair, co-chair, session chair and committee members for over 25 academic conferences.
Professor Salayev has received several awards and honors, including the Azerbaijan State Prize in Science (1972), Honorary Scientific Person of Azerbaijan (1972), Honor Medal of Azerbaijan Republick (1997) and the Vavilov Premium (1982) in the field of the scientific device creation. Salayev also a member of several Academies including the Euoropean Academy of Sciences, the Islamic Academy of Sciences (Iordan), the New York Academy of Sciences (USA), the East International Oil Academy (Azerbaijan), Russian Engineering Academy of Sciences named by A.M. Prokhorov (Russia), International Communication Academy (Ukraine).
He was elected and served as a member of the former USSR Parliament and the Parliament of the Azerbaijan Republick. In 1980 and 1983, respectively, he was elected the Corresponding Member and Full Member of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. In 1983 Prof. Salayev was elected the President and up to 1997 leaded the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences.
There have been a number of enhancements made to the NIST MS Search Program;not the least of which is the addition of an Exact Mass Search and the abilityto sort Hit List by the number of synonyms and other databases (non-massspectral databases) in which the compound can be found. Features introduced inNIST08, like the ability to use the EI Database and the SubstructureIdentification Tool in the interpretation of CAD spectra and the ability todisplay isomers and derivatives as replicate spectra, have been retainedand are still available. Figure 1 shows one view of the new look of theHit List window and Text Information window in the Lib Search Window of MS Search v.2.0g.
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Professor Alvarez was born in Panama (Republica de Panama) in 1950, where he developed his interest for Chemistry. He moved to Barcelona in 1968 to study Chemistry at the Universitat de Barcelona (UB), where he pursued graduate studies with a grant of the Agustin Pedro y Pons Foundation. He obtained a Ph. D. with a thesis on vibrational spectroscopy under the advice of Prof. Jaume Casabo and in collaboration with V. Tabacik in Montpellier (France). For some time he carried out research on the synthesis and characterization of molecular metals and worked later for one year in theoretical inorganic chemistry in the group of Roald Hoffmann at Cornell University, granted by the Fulbright-MEC postdoctoral program. He was appointed as Profesor Titular (Associate Professor) in the Universitat de Barcelona in 1984 and was promoted to Catedratico (Full Professor) of Inorganic Chemistry in 1987.
His main research interests have been in bonding and stereochemistry of transition metal compounds, combining computational chemistry and structural database analysis. In particular he has dealt with the structure and bonding of several families of coordination and organometallic molecules, the structure and electrical properties of solid state compounds, the magnetic coupling of two or more paramagnetic atoms in complex molecular structures. He has produced over two hundred research papers. The most recent line of activity of his research group consists on the definition and application of the continuous shape measures and the continuous symmetry measures to the systematic description of molecular, supramolecular and crystal structures, developing new stereochemical tools such as the shape maps, the minimal distortion paths, the path deviation functions and the generalized interconversion coordinates.
He was Director of the Department of Inorganic Chemistry of the UB between 1992 amd 1995 and is advisor to the Board of Governors of the UB since 2004. He has been a member of the Editorial Board and of the International Advisory Board of Dalton Transactions, and participated in a IUPAC working party for the study of terminology of theoretical chemistry in 1993. His most recent awards include the Distincio de la Generalitat de Catalunya per a la Promocio de la Recerca Universitaria, Premio de Investigacion en Quimica Inorganica de la Real Sociedad Espanola de Quimica and the Premio Solvay de Investigacion en Ciencias Quimicas. He is Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry since 2005 and a corresponding member of the Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences since 2006.
He has been active in organizing scientific meetings, such as the euromediterranean conference of inorganic chemistry FIGIPS-6 in 2001 and several international advanced courses on Synchrotron Radiation and X Ray Absorption, Dessign and Assembly of Molecules and Networks, Photochemistry and Luminiscence of Coordination Compounds or Structural Databases in Chemistry. Starting in 2003, he has organized the international meetings NoSIC (Not Strictly Inorganic Chemistry), in which participants discuss on topics on the borders of Chemistry and other areas of knowledge, such as art, history, language, music or gastronomy. He publishes a section in the Revista de la Societat Catalana de Quimica entitled El Bagul dels Llibres (the ark of books), that reviews the most salient books on topics close to the edges of chemistry and humanistic knowledge. He has also recently published a book entitled Els atoms en l'espai (Atoms in Space), that provides a Catalan translation of the founding papers of stereochemistry by Van 't Hoff and Le Bel, complemented with an assay on the precedents and consequences of such publications.