the green pigment inplant cells that absorbs sunlight

Ribosomes read the recipe from the DNA and use this recipe to make proteins. The nucleus tells the ribosomes which proteins to make. They are found in both plant and animal cells. In a cell they can be found floating around in the cytoplasm or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum.

The chloroplasts in modern plants are the descendants of these ancient symbiotic cyanobacteria.

The cell membrane is on the outside of an animal cell and is found just underneath the cell wall in a plant cell. Similar to the cell wall, it protects the cell and controls what passes in and out of the cell.
The membrane is made from lipids and proteins made inside the cell.

Autotrophic activityin plant cells occur in organelles called ...

Now we need to understand how cells can use the products ofphotosynthesis to obtain energy.

In respiration energy is released fromsugars when electrons associated with hydrogen are transported to oxygen (theelectron acceptor), and water is formed as a byproduct. The mitochondriause the energy released in this oxidation in order to synthesize ATP. Inphotosynthesis, the electron flow is reversed, the water is split (not formed),and the electrons are transferred from the water to CO2 and in theprocess the energy is used to reduce the CO2 into sugar. Inrespiration the energy yield is 686 kcal per mole of glucose oxidized to CO2,while photosynthesis requires 686 kcal of energy to boost the electrons from thewater to their high-energy perches in the reduced sugar -- light provides thisenergy.

organelle in which photosynthesis takes place, ..

Photosynthesis is a process where by energy from light is harvested and used to drive synthesis of carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water. Photophosphorylation is a process where the light energy captured by the photosynthetic organisms is transformed into the phosphate bond energy of ATP. Components of photosystem I and II transfer the electrons from water to NADP. Second step of photosynthesis is called Calvin’s cycle and it is a dark reaction. There are two stages here, I and II. Stage I is carbon dioxide fixation and stage II is the regeneration phase. Photorespiration is the process wherein oxygen consumption occurs in illuminated temperature zone of plants under high oxygen and low carbon dioxide. C4 cycle is the pathway adopted by C4 plants to conserve the carbon dioxide released via photorespiration. It occurs in mesophyll cells.

Photosynthesis Quiz - Do You Know How Plants Make …

A plant cell usually has only 1 large vacuole that takes up much of the space inside the cell. In animal cells the vacuoles are much smaller. If you don't water a plant for a few days you ay see it droop. This is becasue the vaculoe is almost empty. Once you water the plant again you will see it stand up straight again because you filled up the vacuole.

In plant cells, it's found in an organelle called a chloroplast.

Terminal buds have special tissue, called , consisting of cells that can divide indefinitely.
Phyla: The phyla in the kingdom Plantae include: Ginkgophyta, Lycophyta (lower ferns like club mosses), Pterophyta (ferns), Psilophyta (whisk ferns), (flowering plants), Gnetophyta, Sphenophyta, Coniferophyta (conifers), Cycadophyta (cycads), Sphenophyta, and (mosses, liverworts, hornworts).

Photosynthesis: The Light Reaction and Products ..

C4 pathway
C4 cycle is the pathway adopted by C4 plants to conserve the carbon dioxide released via photorespiration. It occurs in mesophyll cells. Carbon dioxide is incorporated to form 4 carbon oxaloacetate.