Photosynthesis Part 4: The Calvin Cycle - YouTube

In the photosynthesis takes place in a chloroplast of a thin-walled mesophyll cell and a 4-carbon acid is handed off to a thick-walled bundle sheath cell where the Calvin cycle occurs in a chloroplast of that second cell. This protects the Calvin cycle from the effects of .

The chain provides energy from the creation of ATP needed in the Calvin Cycle.

This completed sub is ready to be given to the customer along with a drink.
Empty drink cup/ ADP
An empty cup is given to you
Full drink/ ATP
The empty cup is filled with liquid at the fountain drink dispenser
Sauces and vegetables are prepared and added to the sub making...
The Calvin cycle
Investments/ RuBP
The company invests money into the business
Product/ CO2
the customers take the subs and exchange it for money
This is the goods sold at subway the customers buy these goods in exchange for money.
Income/ "baby" G3P
The total income and wealth of subway
Cost of food, wages and other supplies
The cost of wages, food and other supplies is deducted from the income
Advertising costs
The cost of advertising is deducted from the total income
The profit that Subway makes
High level executives wallets
The amount of money that is taken by the owners of the company

What Is the Primary Function of the Calvin Cycle?

The Calvin cycle, or the light-independent (dark) reactions of photosythesis.

The Calvin cycle is a reductive process in the stroma of chloroplasts responsible for the synthesis of carbohydrates from carbon dioxide. The reactions are organized in a cyclic metabolic pathway that was named after its discoverer Melvin Calvin who received the Nobel Price for Chemistry in 1961. Reducing power in the form of NADPH (nicotinamide‐adenine dinucleotide phosphate reduced form) and energy as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) required for this process are generated in the light reactions located in the thylakoid membrane. Light activation of this process is achieved by covalent redox‐modification of some key enzymes that are inactive in the dark.