ß1,4 Galactosyltransferase is unique among all glycosyltransferases in that its substrate specificity can be modified by addition of -lactalbumin. Together, ß1,4 galactosyltransferase and -lactalbumin form the lactose synthase complex. Because -lactalbumin is only expressed in the mammary gland, lactose synthesis only occurs in the mammary gland. In addition, expression of the -lactalbumin gene is closely regulated by hormones, so that lactose synthesis only occurs during the lactating state of the tissue.
The lactose synthesis pathway is shown in the figure below. The following points are relevant to this figure (as indicated by the numbers on the figure; see below the figure for the legend of abbreviations):
Synthesis | Definition of Synthesis by Merriam-Webster
Liwanag AJM, Ebert B, Verhertbruggen Y, et al. (2012) Pectin biosynthesis: GALS1 in Arabidopsis thaliana Is a beta‐1,4‐galactan beta‐1,4‐galactosyltransferase. Plant Cell 24: 5024–5036.
synthesized From:-To:-Results (Thai) 1: สังเคราะห์
When we synthesis sound we will need to consider levels of excitation, oscillation/harmonics and how the system releases energy to be heard as sound. We will firstly review some classic synthesis techniques and then explore some relatively new ‘state of the art’ avenues for sound synthesis.
18/06/2017 · Synthesis
Generic Application Programming Interfaces (DirectX, VST2.0) so that software developers can talk to operating systems and applications to create sounds at a high level in generic terms rather than in a hardware specific way. For instance, if a developer wanted to write a chorus/flange effect. With DirectX function calls that chorus effect can be integrated into numerous different sequencers like Cubase and Cakewalk, sound editors like Sound Forge and Cool Edit and even virtual synthesisers like VAZ and Generator.
Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Synthesis provides a means of constructing timbres to emulate existing instruments and create new sounds. There are two approaches to synthesising these timbres
Telford Electronics - Manuals A
During biological synthesis of metallic nanoparticles, a number of controlling factors are involved in the nucleation and subsequent formation of stablised nanoparticles. These factors include pH, reactant concentrations, reaction time, and temperature. The following sections briefly discuss each of these factors in succession.
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This is recent development in sound synthesis where by the physics behind musical instruments is applied indirectly to sound generation. The whole point of this module has been to explain some of the physics of musical instruments so that in the future you may apply your knowledge to improving or creating musical sounds. Physical modelling is the application of principles learned.