by a Haemashield tube and exploration of the aortic prosthesis, ..

Although aortic cusp extension is technically more demanding, it remains particularly more suitable in the context of evolving rheumatic aortic insufficiency in children with a small aortic annulus as a bridge surgical approach to late aortic valve replacement with a larger valvular prosthesis.

Endovascular aneurysm repair - Wikipedia

Coverage of the subclavian may be necessary if there is not enough normal aorta below the subclavian to securely hold the top edge of the prosthesis. Repair with left subclavian coverage The following codes are used to report endovascular repair of the descending thoracic aorta with coverage of the left subclavian origin:

Endovascular procedures aim to reduce the ..