The only way to avoid becoming

Now she is identified with one of the bands in asomewhat confused passage of Cicero, and the whole theory of wheels orbands was probably suggested by the Milky Way.

Note: the  is discussed elsewhere: Does philosophy

Parmenideshimself tells us in the most unequivocal language that there is no truthat all in the theory which he expounds, and that he gives it merely as thebelief of "mortals." It was this that led Theophrastus to speak of it asthe opinion of "the many." His explanation however, though preferable to that of Simplicius, isnot convincing either.


Tetralogy 2, or "the sophists" (about belief, or )

Presented at the Western Psychological Association Conference,Seattle, April 26, 1997

[The word 'discipline' comes to us from the Latin word meaning 'disciple' or 'pupil', suggesting, as in our context, that by 'a discipline' is meant 'a subject that is taught ()' in contrast to 'a subject or skill that (it seems) cannot be taught (e.g. absolute pitch or, but contrary to the Sophists' claim: moral virtue)'.]


Far, indeed, does it liefrom the beaten track of men!

Taken as a general account of knowledge, the Dream Theory implies thatknowledge is only of complexes, and that there can be no knowledge ofsimples. Socrates attacks this implication.

See the for such a display. ()

Edited by Pierre Allan, Alexis Keller (Oxford University Press) Just War has attracted considerable attention. The words peace and justice are often used together. Surprisingly, however, little conceptual thinking has gone into what constitutes a Just Peace. This book, which includes some of the world's leading scholars, debates and develops the concept of Just Peace. The problem with the idea of a Just Peace is that striving for justice may imply a Just War. In other words, peace and justice clash at times. Therefore, one often starts from a given view of what constitutes justice, but this a priori approach leads - especially when imposed from the outside - straight into discord. This book presents conflicting viewpoints on this question from political, historical, and legal perspectives as well as from a policy perspective. The book also argues that Just Peace should be defined as a process resting on four necessary and sufficient conditions: thin recognition whereby the other is accepted as autonomous; thick recognition whereby identities need to be accounted for; renouncement, requiring significant sacrifices from all parties; and finally, rule, the objectification of a Just Peace by a "text" requiring a common language respecting the identities of each, and defining their rights and duties. This approach based on a language-oriented process amongst directly concerned parties, goes beyond liberal and culturalist perspectives. Throughout the process, negotiators need to build a novel shared reality as well as a new common language allowing for an enduring harmony between previously clashing peoples. It challenges a liberal view of peace founded on norms claiming universal scope. The liberal conception has difficulty in solving conflicts such as civil wars characterized typically by fundamental disagreements between different communities. Cultures make demands that are identity-defining, and some of these defy the "cultural neutrality" that is one of the foundations of liberalism. Therefore, the concept of Just Peace cannot be solved within the liberal tradition.

There is only one way left that can be spoken of....

Unitarians can suggest that Plato's strategy is to refute what hetakes to be false versions of D3 so as to increasethe logical pressure on anyone who rejects Plato's version ofD3. In particular, he wants to put pressure on theempiricist theories of knowledge that seem to be the main target ofthe Theaetetus. What Plato wants to show is, not only that nodefinition of knowledge except his own, D3, isacceptable, but also that no version of D3 except hisown is acceptable.